|並列篇名||Fatigue Crack Growth and Fatigue Life Evaluation for Welded Steel Bridge Members with Initial Crack|
|作 者||周太全(Tai-Quan Zhou);陈鸿天(Hung-Tin Chan)|
Initial crack widely exists in the welded members of steel bridge induced by the welding procedure or by the fatigue damage crack initiation. The behavior of crack growth with a view to fatigue damage accumulation on the tip of cracks is discussed. Fatigue life of welded components with initial crack in bridges under traffic loading is investigated. Based on existing fatigue experiment results of welded members with initial crack and the fatigue experiment results of welded bridge members under constant stress cycles, the crack would keep semi-elliptical shape with variable ratio of a/c during the crack propagation. Based on the concept of continuum damage accumulated on the tip of fatigue cracks, the fatigue damage law suitable for steel bridge members under traffic loading is modified to consider the crack growth. The virtual crack growth method and the semi-elliptical crack shape assumption are proposed in this paper to deduce a new model of fatigue crack growth rate for welded bridge members under traffic loading. And thecalculated method of the stress intensity factor necessary for evaluation of the fatigue life of welded bridge members with cracks is discussed. The proposed fatigue crack growth model is then applied to calculate the crack growth and the fatigue life of existing welded members with fatigue experimental results. The fatigue crack propagation computation results show that the ratio of crack depth to the half crack surface length a/c is variable during crack propagation process and the stress cycle increases with the increase of a0/c0 with certain a0/t0. The calculated and measured fatigue lives are generally in good agreement, at some initial conditions of cracking, for welded members widely used in steel bridges.
|關鍵詞||疲劳裂纹扩展,疲劳寿命,初始裂纹,钢桥梁焊接构件;fatigue crack growth,fatigue life,initial crack,welded steel bridge members|